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What Causes Periodontal Disease?
September 20, 2021  |  Periodontal disease

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is basically a disease that damages the gums and, if left untreated, can lead to loss of teeth. The signs of gingivitis, which is the first stage, are hardly noticeable and do not normally raise concerns. As the infection spreads and the condition progresses, you will experience intense pain. Gum disease isn't just confined to your mouth. It can expose you to these harmful bacteria in your bloodstream, affecting your physical health as well. Hence it is important to understand what causes the disease in order to prevent it.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Before getting to the causes, it's important to first have a brief understanding of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is an illness of the gum tissues that can proceed through several stages. Gingivitis is the first stage, and it is characterized by minor symptoms. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of the experience and you could suffer from bleeding gums at this stage. You must consult your Gilbert dentist if you are suffering from bleeding gums without any delay.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Now that we know what periodontal disease is, let us move on to the causes of this infection. Once you identify the causes it will be easier for you to prevent the onset of this disease.

Not Following A Good Oral Care Routine

Gum infection is primarily caused by poor dental hygiene. Plaque builds up as a result of inconsistent brushing and flossing. After some time plaque could harden into tartar and increase your chances of suffering from periodontal disease. Follow a good oral care routine if you want to avoid this disease. Professional cleaning services by your dentist in Gilbert will also act as a good preventive measure to protect you from gum infection.

An Overcrowded Mouth

It can be tough to get rid of sticky food particles if there is overcrowding inside your oral cavity.  Misalignment can result in multiple dental problems, including gum disease. Do you have a crooked or misaligned set of teeth? It is best to consult your Gilbert dentist to fix the issue to avoid further complications in the future.


Using tobacco can be harmful to your dental and overall health. Smoking isn't simply bad for your teeth. It can cause gum tissue damage and have an adverse effect on your immune system. Do you want to get rid of your periodontal disease? Refrain from using tobacco and you are good to go!

Some Specific Medicines

Certain medications can make you more susceptible to gum infection. They reduce saliva production, resulting in dry mouth. A dry mouth is the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria. Some could also lead to unusual structural outgrowths in your gum tissue. If you see any such outgrowths then consult your dentist in Gilbert for a proper diagnosis.

Certain Health Conditions

Your underlying conditions may have a negative impact on your oral health. Gum infections are more likely to occur if you have diseases like HIV or cancer. Diabetes can make you more vulnerable to bacterial infections in your mouth. 

We hope this blog has helped you to understand the causes of periodontal disease. Book an appointment with us at Island Dental if you are looking for the best periodontal disease treatment in Gilbert, AZ.